Systematic improvements in transmon qubit coherence enabled by niobium surface encapsulation
We present a novel transmon qubit fabrication technique that yields systematic improvements in T1 coherence times. We fabricate devices using an encapsulation strategy that involves passivating the surface of niobium and thereby preventing the formation of its lossy surface oxide.
Development and demonstration of an efficient readout error mitigation technique for use in NISQ algorithms
We consider the approximate state estimation of readout-mitigated expectation values, and how to best implement that procedure on the Rigetti quantum computing hardware. We discuss the theoretical aspects involved, providing an explicit computation of the effect of readout error on the estimated expectation values and how to mitigate that effect.
Navigating the noise-depth tradeoff in adiabatic quantum circuits
What is the optimal circuit depth that provides the best solution? Here, we address this question by investigating an adiabatic circuit that interpolates between the paramagnetic and ferromagnetic ground states of the one-dimensional quantum Ising model.
Quantum enhanced greedy solver for optimization problems
The quantum-classical algorithm systematically outperforms its classical counterpart, signaling a quantum enhancement with respect to its guaranteed output quality. Moreover, we observe an absolute performance comparable with the guarantees for a state-of-the-art semi-definite programming method.
Direct pulse-level compilation of arbitrary quantum logic gates on superconducting qutrits
In this work, we demonstrate that any arbitrary qutrit gate can be realized with high fidelity. We generated and tested pulses for a large set of randomly selected arbitrary unitaries on two separate qutrit compatible processors, LLNL Quantum Device and Integration Testbed (QuDIT) standard QPU and Rigetti Aspen-11, achieving an average fidelity around 99 %.
Simulating the interplay of particle conservation and long-range coherence
We introduce two complementary probes of global and relative phase coherence, study how they are affected by measurements of the particle number, and implement them on a superconducting quantum computer by Rigetti.
Preparing quantum many-body scar states on quantum computers
Our recent work has proposed both unitary and non-unitary state preparation protocols for quantum many-body scar states and their superposition states. Their successful implementation on Aspen M-2 shows a PoC and will serve as a solid starting point for the future study of quantum many-body dynamics.
Calibrating the classical hardness of the quantum approximate optimization algorithm
Trading fidelity for scale enables approximate classical simulators such as matrix product states (MPS) to run quantum circuits beyond exact methods. A control parameter, the so-called bond dimension χ for MPS, governs the allocated computational resources and the output fidelity.
Hardware optimized parity check gates for superconducting surface codes
Our central consideration, Hardware Optimized Parity (HOP) gates, achieves stabilizer-type measurements through simultaneous multi-qubit conditional phase accumulation. Despite the multi-body effects that underpin this approach, our estimates of logical faults suggest that this design can be at least as robust to realistic noise as conventional designs.
Entanglement perspective on the quantum approximate optimization algorithm
Here, we consider the QAOA algorithm for solving the paradigmatic Max-Cut problem on different types of graphs. We study the entanglement growth and spread resulting from randomized and optimized QAOA circuits and find that there is a volume-law entanglement barrier between the initial and final states.